A. Changes in the Economy
--- McPherson Chapter 1 describes 3 great transformations:
- Transportation Revolution
- Increased Food Production
- American System of Manufacturing
--- reasons for a "capital-intensive" economy in the North:
- labor shortage
- abundance of resources
- openness to change
--- The values of hard work, thrift, sobriety, reliability, self-discipline, self-reliance, deferral of gratification, were strongest in New England.
- Protestant ethic
- Evangelical ethic
--- There were many sources for the reform impulse, including the Burned-Over District
- Women's "separate sphere"
E. Ethnocentral Tensions
--- Not all groups participated equally in the modernizing process.
- wage-earning workers
F. Political Parties
--- The Second Party System emerged 1825-1840
revised 2/1/06 | Civil War