Newsreels 1961-1963

1961/01/05 U.S. Breaks Relations With Cuba (1) Castro military parade in Cuba to mark his 2nd anniversary; Ike broke off diplomatic relations; Hagerty speaks (2) "Threat To Peace. World Watches Crisis In Laos" - fighting intensifies in buffer state Laos, government troops oust rebels (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-3 National Archives, College Park MD

1961/01/23 Inauguration. Kennedy Sworn In, New Era Begins (1) JFK in Oval Office, goes to inauguration, sits with Ike in stand, LBJ sworn in as VP by Sam Rayburn, JFK sworn in by Chief Justice Warren, JFK speaks "let the Word go forth ... torch been passed .. proud of our ancient heritage ... committted today at home and around the world ... to our sister republics south of the border in a new alliance of progress join with them to oppose subversion anywhere in the Americas" - lunch in the Capital - procession to the White House riding in car, watch parade ended by replica of PT boat on float; night inaugural balls with Jackie (complete newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-8 National Archives, College Park MD

1961/02/09 NATO War Games. Germany Is Stage For Big Winter Maneuvers (1) NATO maneuvers and war games in West Germany, helicopters land troops, march in snow, Honest John missile fired; tanks fire; drone target plane drops to ground (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-13 National Archives, College Park MD

1961/03/13 Peace Corps. Kennedy Outlines Global Program (1) American exchange students already overseas helping with construction projects; JFK speaks about the Peace Corps (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-22 National Archives, College Park MD

1961/03/20 Kasavubu Hailed. Congo Federation Plan Target Of Controversy (1) Red China rally in Peking in protest of death of Lumumba in Congo, "giant propaganda shows" against UN (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-24 National Archives, College Park MD

1961/03/27 Laos Crisis. Kennedy-Gromyko Voice Peace Hopes (1) Laos crisis brings Macmillan to meet JFK; Gromyko arrives at White House, pose with JFK, Gromyko speaks to the press in Russian, translated into English, speaks about Laos and policy of neutrality; Gromyko responds in English to reporters questions (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-26 National Archives, College Park MD

1961/04/06 Anglo-U.S. Amity. U.S.-British Pledge United Front (1) At White House, Macmillan meets with JFK; Wise Men pose (2) Soviet films of rocket test, animals, mice, dogs; capsule parachutes to ground; high altitude test only, not space orbit (3) Siberia visited by Khrushchev, given sheep, corn (4) B-47 bomber test of remote control system (5) Bonx Zoo (6) Sports - Germany vs Holland women's soccer (complete newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-29 National Archives, College Park MD

1961/04/13 Cosmos Pioneer. Soviets Orbit Man In Space (1) JFK speaks (but no pictures of Gagarin) (2) Eichmann trial for Holocaust crimes; judges speak indictments as Eichmann listens (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-31 National Archives, College Park MD

1961/04/19 First Pictures. Soviets Hail Space hero (1) Yuri Gagarin arrives at Moscow airport in his first public appearance, greeted by Khrushchev, hugged, then stands on Lenin's tomb (2) Ike's return to Pennsylvania (3) "Cuba Invaded. Foes of Castro Open Offensive" - B-26 used by Cuban pilots; landed in Florida; in Cuba, rocket shells shown; Adlai Stevenson in UN denies any aggression; Guatemala training base; Castro in Cuba (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-32, National Archives, College Park MD

1961/05/05 Reds Celebrate May Day (1) May Day parade in Moscow, Yuri Gagarin featured guest, on Kremlin stand with Khrushchev; Castro picture on float in parade (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-37 National Archives, College Park MD

1961/05/08 As World Watched. Spaceman Hailed After U.S. Triumph (1) Alan Shepard flight on Mercury, given medal by JFK at White House, Jackie had to remind him to pin the medal on, parade up Pennsylvania Ave, Shepard as "space pioneer" (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-38-1, National Archives, College Park MD

1961/05/11 Russia (1) Aviation display in Moscow, helicopter carries model of Gagrin spacecraft, new swept-wing bomber, jet fighter with rocket booster (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-39, National Archives, College Park MD

1961/08/07 Cosmonaut. Russian Orbits Globe17 Times (1) Titov returns from orbit, newspaper headlines, stock footage of rocket liftoff, recording equipment picked up Titov's voice, animation of space craft orbiting earth (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-64, National Archives, College Park MD

1961/08/31 World Shocked. Reds Threaten H-Bomb Tests (1) H-bomb explosion from stock footage, Adlai Stevenson speaks from UN, announcement is a "profound shock" and is "a dangerous tack" (2) News in Brief story on Berlin, showing pictures of US soldiers and tanks and British troops who convoy boy going to school, building Berlin Wall, young couple waves from window (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-71, National Archives, College Park MD

1961/10/16 Civil Planes Grounded in Defense Alert (1) Civil Defense test closed airports for 12 hours, Operation Sky Shield (2) "News in Brief" - Chiang Kai shek parade with rockets and soldiers, troops form sign of double 10 , in Nationalist China (3) "France" - Shah of iran visits DeGaulle in France with wife, formal dinner (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-84, National Archives, College Park MD

1961/10/19 50 Megatons. U.S. Protests New Red Test (1) Russian H-bomb test announced by Khrushchev speech at 20th party congress; Dean Rusk speaks from UN that (2) "Animal Corner" in Siberia (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-85, National Archives, College Park MD

1961/11/30 Chimp into space (no title, story begins without beginning) (1) Enos chimp prepared for space flight, rocket blastoff, capsule recovered, chimp examined in hospital (2) "News in Brief - New Mexico" - at Carlsbad Caverns where nuclear bomb to be exploded, tunnel for Project Knome as prelim for Project Plowshare in future, "a major step in peaceful atomic use" (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 34-97, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/02/22 Space Triumph! Glenn Flight Thrills World (1) whole issue on Friendship 7 Mercury space flight of John Glenn; Glenn getting ready, puts on space suit, walks to launch pad, 6 am EST, 10 months after Gagarin, gets into his capsule on top Atlas missile, rocket blastoff, animation of capsule turning around, go for 7 orbits, "actual pictures of Glenn in the capsule" and animations of Glenn's orbit around earth, destroyer Noah lifts capsule aboard, Glenn rests and then lifted aboard helicopter for flight to carrier USS Randolph (complete newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-17, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/03/22 Uneasy Peace. Algeria Tense Under Cease-Fire (1) Algeria rebels have signed peace with France, but right wing army still fighting (2) Argentina election (3) Jackie Kennedy rides elephant in India (4) Russia trying to close access to West Berlin, U.S. army sends tanks on autobahn in Germany (5) fashions (6) skating world championships (complete newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-25, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/07/12 A Day in History. Telstar Brings World Closer (1) Telstar satellite, 170 lbs, receives signal from Andover Maine, retransmit to Cornwall in Europe, launched on Delta rocket for ATT at cost of $50 million, pictures of ground station (either Maine or Cornwall), 1st TV pictures of dome at Andover transmitted (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-57, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/07/19 X-15 Space Record. Plane Flown To 59-mile Mark (1) B-52 with X-15 takes off from Edwards AFB, drops X-15 and burns for 81 seconds, pictures from space, landing by Major White, flew at 3700 mph, 4 pilots get Collier trophy at White House (2) Thor rocket launches Echo balloon (3) new HEW Secy Selabrizi replacing Ribicoff (4) Ike trip abroad as private citizen on liner Queen Elizabeth (5) Algeria feud between leaders (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-59, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/07/23 Kennedy on Telstar. Europe /sees News Conference (1) ground station dish for Telstar at Cornwall, interior, JFK press conference, JFK speaks about the satellite; animations of satellite transmitting (2) "First Lady At Play. She Joins Glenn At Water Skiing." - Hyannisport boat outing, Jackie and Glenn swimming, skiing, Ethel runs boat (3) "P.G.A. Golf Title. Gary Player Takes Crown" - Arnold Palmer defeated by Player from South Africa (3) "U.S. Downs Russia. Records Fall At Track Meet" - Wilma Rudolph Ward, Bob Hayes wins sprint; Ralph Boston wins long jump; Al Connely wins hammer throw, but Russians win women's hurdles; 1500 meter run won by Jim Beatty; high jump won by Russian (complete newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-60, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/08/13 Income Tax Cut. Kennedy Hopes To Spur Economy (1) JFK speaks on his income tax cut that he wants to present to Congress in January next year (2) "Space History. Reds Orbit Two Craft" - Popovich and Nikolai follow two previous manned flights to become third and fourth Russians to orbit; globe animations, "Tracking stations indicate that there is little doubt of the success of the Russian feat that are seen as 2 years ahead of the U.S. effort." newspapers; Russians sent back TV pictures; jubilation in Russia (3) Herbert Hoover Library dedicated on his 88th birthday in West Branch Iowa; Truman is guest; Hoover received honorary degrees (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-66, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/08/16 The Wall (1) big freedom bell rings in West Berlin on 1st anniv of Berlin Wall; checkpoints; U.S. army patrols in jeep; Brandt leads memorial services (2) 25 Years Ago - Amelia Earhardt; Russians set distance record flying over North Pole; record heat wave - humorous (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-67, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/09/13 Kennedy Tour. Calls For U.S. lead In Space (1) JFK begins space bases tour at Huntsville, meets von Braun, sees Mercury capsule, then to Cape Canaveral, then to Houston and stadium at Rice Univ for speech, then to Manned Spacecraft Center, sees Gemini capsule, then to McDonald plant in St. Louis where capsules built, sees gemini capsule (2) Fashion Parade - leather fashions (3) 25 Years Ago - Shanghai bombed, civilians evacuated; San Diego 1200 Marines march to their transports (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-75, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/10/22 The Red Threat. President Orders Cuban Blockade (1) JFK speaks on Cuban Missile Crisis - "Soviet military buildup on the island of Cuba" - "a strict quarantine on all offensive military equipment has been initiated" - "clandestine, reckless" - JFK had meeting with Gromyko (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-86, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/10/25 The Cuban Crisis (1) Adlai Stevenson at UN speaks on Cuban Missile Crisis; Castro builds up defenses in Cuba; cameras installed in airplane, photos show details, MiG-21 jets, OAS endorsed US in 20-0 vote, Dean Rusk shown at this meeting; Guantanamo base marines arrive; UN building exterior, Adlai Stevenson speaks (complete newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-87, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/10/29 Crisis Eases. Wary U.S. Awaits Missile Removal (1) UN building, Russian Kusnetsov arrives, meets with U Thant, Cuban Missile crisis eases (2) De Gaulle wins referendum to elect President by popular vote (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-88, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/11/01 Missile Bases. Castro Balks At U.N. Team (1) U Thant returns to NY from meeting with Castro regarding Cuban Missile Crisis, speaks to press (2) Salinger at White House (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-89, National Archives, College Park MD

1962/12/10 President Tours. Kennedy Inspects Nuclear Bases (1) JFK arrives at Omaha underground command post; helicopter to Los Alamos (2) snow storm hits East (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 35-100, National Archives, College Park MD

1963/01/24 Economic Freeze. Cold Wave Brings Huge Citrus Loss. (1) California citrus crop damaged by nation-wide freeze, smoke pots in field (2) "Yesterday's Big Story" - gunboat Panay in 1937 on Yangtze patrol attacked by Japanese planes, sneak attack like Pearl Harbor 4 years later (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 36-9, National Archives, College Park MD

1963/03/18 Suspense Story. Nat'l Press Club Hears Hitchcock (1) National Press Club in Washington DC with speaker Alfred Hitchcock, speaks humorously about his recent film "The Birds" his 50th movie - gets citation (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 36-17, National Archives, College Park MD

1963/11/14 Space Movie. Camera Records Missile In Flight (1) Titan II launch in South Atlantic, with camera on 2nd stage - makes film of stage separation above earth, "The curvature of the earth is plainly visible. Through the magic of the camera earthlings take their first ride into space." (2) White House - JFK and Jackie walk on lawn, to see Black Watch regiment perform, with John-John and Caroline on balcony, marching bagpipes (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 36-93, National Archives, College Park MD

1963/11/18 Space Tour. Kennedy Inspects Missile Center (1) (poor quality) Cape Canaveral - JFK sees Saturn rocket, then helicopter to see Polaris fired from sub USS Andrew Jackson (2) "Reds Free Professor. Home After 16 Days In Soviet Prison." - JFK press conference, speaks about the unjustified arrest of the professor in Moscow; Prof Barkhorn? arrives on plane, returns to Yale campus in New Haven CT (partial newsreel) SOURCE: 200 Universal 36-94, National Archives, College Park MD

This DVD65 includes 2 hours of Universal Newsreels reproduced from reference cassettes at the National Archives, College Park MD, and is available from the University of San Diego Bookstore.
revised 5/14/05 by Steven Schoenherr | Universal Newsreels on DVD | download Quicktime plugin