Edward R. Murrow

Murrow from Detroit News
Kaltenborn from Current History 1938
Ambass. Lothian listens to shortwave Sept. 1939, from FDRL
Aircraft spotter on the roof of a building in London. St. Paul's Cathedral is in the background 1940, from PATCH/NA
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Munich, Germany, June, 1940, from PATCH/NA
"A Frenchman weeps as German soldiers march into the French capital, Paris, on June 14,, after the Allied armies had been driven back across France." 1940, from PATCH/NA
1935 - In Sept. Murrow was hired at CBS as Director of Talks, sent to Europe due to growing importance of foreign news, used Rome transmitter in Oct. to bypass BBC censorship of Italian delegate Aloisi at League of Nations in Geneva

1936 - Murrow arranged 311 broadcasts from 27 countries, double the number of foreign broadcasts made by CBS in 1935

1937 - replaced Cesar Saerchinger in London after the BBC censorship of the abdication of King Edward VIII in late 1936, his first assignment was the broadcast of the coronation of Edward's brother George VI

1937 - began to hire a group of 11 correspondents known as the Murrow Boys: William Shirer, Thomas Grandin, Eric Sevareid, Larry LeSueur, Mary Marvin Breckinridge, Winston Burdett, Charles Collingwood, Cecil Brown, Howard K. Smith, Bill Downs, Richard Hottelet

1938 - March 13 was first broadcast from London of The World Today program, a roundup of reports from European capitals for 15 minutes, by telephone lines to London and then by BBC shortwave to the CBS studio in New York, that became the first daily news show.

1938 - Sep. 12-30 Munich conference, reported by H. V. Kaltenborn from Studio 9 in New York, making 102 broadcasts in 18 days.

1940 - lived in London at 84 Hallam St. near the BBC Broadcasting House, produced London after Dark program during the Blitz

1941 - Dec. 7 was visiting the White house with wife Janet, talked with FDR about the damage of Pearl Harbor, but did not reveal secrets although Eric Sevareid did report the sever damage

1943 - flew 25 air combat missions over Europe during the war, including the Dec. 3 broadcast "Night Raid On Berlin"

1946 - CBS Vice-President, hired the next generation of Murrow Boys: Alexander Kendrick for Vienna, George Polk for Cairo, David Schoenbrun for Paris, Marvin Kalb, Daniel Schorr, Bob Pierpoint, Ed Bliss; launched new 15-minute daily news program "Robert Trout with the News Till Now"

1947 - Shirer fired for his criticism of the Truman Doctrine; Murrow resigned July 19 as VP to return to broadcasting

1948 - Douglas Edwards began the CBS TV News, produced by Don Hewitt, but shown only in 4 East Cost cities; it was the first regular TV News programs

1950 - Jan. 1 began the first of annual CBS year-end roundups, for next 11 years, dubbed "Years of Crisis"

1951 - Nov. 18 was first TV broadcast of "See It Now," produced by Fred Friendly and directed by Don Hewitt in magazine format, broadcast coast-to-coast using newly-completed coaxial cable

1952 - CBS TV news division director Sig Mickelson selected Walter Cronkite as the anchorman to replace Doug Edwards; in 1954 Frank Stanton merged the radio and TV news divisions together under Mickelson

1953 - "Person to Person" was on TV until 1959, with Murrow making weekly visits to the homes of famous people

1953 - Oct. 20 "See It Now" program on Milo Radulovich

1954 - Mar. 9 "See It Now" program on Joseph McCarthy

1955 - Jan. 4 "See It Now" program "A Conversation With Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer."

1960 - Nov. 25 broadcast on the night after Thanksgiving of the one-hour documentary "Harvest of Shame" produced by Friendly and Murrow for the CBS Reports series, critical of the treatment of migrant farm workers; Murrow became a leader of the new era of documentaries

1961 - Murrow left CBS to become director of USIA, helped produce documentaries such as "The Wall" (1962)

1963 - Dec. 22 Murrow resigned from the USIA, replaced by Carl Rowan, the highest-ranking African American in the Executive Branch until 1964, then by Leonard Marks, LBJ's family lawyer.

1964 - Murrow lived in La Jolla, CA, and worked for Jonas Salk at the Institute for Biological Studies at UCSD; in Sept., he was awarded the presidential Medal of Freedom.

1965 - Murrow died April 27 of lung cancer.




revised 11/20/05 by Schoenherr