Why did the Antebellum South fail to modernize?
- colonial economy
- slave economy "grew" but did not "develop"
- slaves were both capital and labor, profitable to planter but not to workers
- "key figure" was the factor who gave credit, kept profits
- lack of diversity, dependent on cotton
- Edmund Ruffin
- "Herrenvolk democracy" of whites sharing bond of race
- concept of sociologist Pierre van der Berghe
- hill country, piney woods, nonslaveowners participated in staple economy, tied by kinship to planters, invited to barbecues
- slavery was a method of social control
- cavalier values of the South
- chivalry, honor, code of the gentleman
- Walter Scott novels, Norman knights, military schools, slave patrols
- Macon Volunteers, Bibb County Cavalry, Gate City Guards
- code of duel emphasized personal action, not law
- slavery defended as a positive good vs free-labor ideology
- Cannibals All by George Fitzhugh was "most extreme proslavery indictment of free society"
- William Seward - slavery and capitalism were incompatible
- work ethic was not honorable
- "general air of shiftlessness" and inefficency, slowdowns, carelessness
- heavy, clumsy hoes; shallow shovel plow rather than deep moldboard plow
- mules better able to withstand abuse of slaves
- Frederick Law Olmsted observed no "improvements"
revised 2/6/06 by Schoenherr