Why the Constitution?
Read in Chapter 6: "Where Historians Disagree" Jack Rakove's compromises rather than Charles Beard's property interests; Federalists vs Antifederalists; Alexander Hamilton; James Madison; John Adams.
1. Articles of Confederation
2. western lands
3. foreign threats
- British, J. Brant, Jay-Gardoqui talks 1785-86
6. interstate trade
- Daniel Shays, "Rogue Island"
7. James Madison
- Washington's Pawtomack Canal
8. spirit of compromise
- "father" of the Constitution
- Annapolis Convention of 1786 and report
- Connecticut Compromise = Roger Sherman
- joined by Abraham Baldwin of Ga.
- dual representation
- Slave trade = Oliver Ellsworth
- no navigation acts
- "persons" trade for 20 years
- fugitive slave law in Article 4
- Slave representation = William Blount
- 3/5 count, census
- Northwest Ordinance July 13
- Enumerated powers = Edmund Randolph
- but 18th clause in Art. I "elastic"
- Ratification by 9 states = Alexander Hamilton